Well Pump 101 for Homeowners

Drill Rig digging a well in Western NC
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Price Well & Pump

A well pump is an important piece of equipment for homeowners who have a well on their property. Learn about these pumps and the role they play for those living in Western North Carolina who have a well of their own!

The Well Pump Basics:

A well pump is used to bring water from deep underground into the home. Thanks to the innovations of technology, households no longer have to draw their water up and out of a well from a bucket. Can you imagine the time and effort that took just to get water?! Talk about a haul. 

Types of Pumps

Centrifugal: Centrifugal pumps work best for homes with more shallow wells, where a jet or submersible well pump may not work. They also operate well on properties that work off the grid. These pumps sit above ground, and they water out through a single pipe, similar to a straw. Centrifugal pumps must be primed before they will move water. They use rotation to move water, instead of suction. They have no suction power. However, they do provide a lot of flexibility and do not take up a lot of space. 

Submersible: Submersible pumps operate below the ground. They use pressurization to push water to the surface and into an above-ground storage tank. Submersible pumps are typically best for deeper wells. They are very efficient, because they do not utilize much energy moving water into the pump. Water pressure pushes water into the submersible pump. One downfall is their seals are susceptible to corrosion over time, and if water makes its way into the motor it is useless until it gets repaired. 

Jet Pump: Jet pumps are located above ground. They use a motor and suction pipe to pull water above ground. Jet pumps are low maintenance, making them very cost-efficient. They are actually a type of self-priming centrifugal pump. There are shallow-well and deep-well jet pumps.

Parts of a Well Pump

A well pump consists of a motor that turns a shaft, connected to a series of gears that turn a large wheel. The wheel has teeth that engage a chain wrapped around a drum. As the drum rotates, the chain pulls the teeth along the surface of the wheel, causing the wheel to rotate. This rotation drives a rod attached to the wheel, which moves a piston inside a cylinder. Water flows through the cylinder and pushes the piston back and forth, creating pressure that forces the water out of the well.

In a nutshell, the well pump motor works to convert electricity into mechanical energy, while the impeller pushes water through the pipe. 

Preventing Big Problems with a Well Pump

We advise having your well pump serviced on an annual basis. In addition to running water testing (to prevent bacteria issues), checking the electrical components of your well is vital to keeping your pump working effectively and efficiently for many years to come.

If you haven’t had your well pump checked in a while, have you noticed any of the following issues recently?

  • Decrease in water pressure
  • Air is spitting from the water faucet
  • Sand or silt detected in your water
  • Change in water quality (taste, smell, color, etc.)
  • Water pump continuously cycling on and off 
  • Loud noises
  • High electric bills 

If so, contact the professionals here at Price Well & Pump Company. You do not want to let problems persist, because they can lead to further damage down the road. The last thing you want is to end up without water right around the holidays!

When in doubt, just give us a call. We are never afraid to share what you could do to troubleshoot an issue on your own; but, we also want to spare you a bigger headache if a professional is needed. There is a reason everyone says “we are family” when it comes to Price Well & Pump! 

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